2020 candidates on the issues: A voter's guide to where Biden stands on health care, gun control and more


We asked the 2020 presidential candidates questions on nine topics including gun violence, health care, climate change and immigration. Each candidate was given the same set of questions to answer.

Candidates who are not featured did not provide a response; answers have been edited for length. Read the candidate's responses to each question by browsing the links below. 

2020 presidential election:A visual guide to the candidate’s positions on healthcare, climate change, guns and more

2020 candidates views on the issues

Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden.

Joe Biden

Do you believe the earth’s climate is changing? If yes, do you believe it is caused by humans?

This shouldn’t be a question. The science is clear that our climate is changing, and humans’ contributions to it are indisputable. Climate change poses an existential threat to our environment, our health, and our communities. That’s why I have introduced a bold plan — a Clean Energy Revolution — to address this grave threat and lead the world in addressing the climate emergency.

See what all the candidates have to say about climate change here.

How would you address gun violence in America?

Every day, there are shootings in America that don’t make the national headlines. This nation faces a gun violence epidemic, and we have to take action. I have taken on the NRA and won – twice – and I will do it again. As president, I will ban assault weapons and high-capacity magazines, require background checks on all gun sales, close other loopholes in the background check system like the “boyfriend loophole,” accelerate smart gun technology and more.

See what all the candidates have to say about gun violence here.

Should the government forgive student loans? If yes, why and for whom? If no, why not?

Our country faces a student debt crisis. Even years after graduating, Americans are drowning in debt, and people of color are disproportionately affected. My plan will halve the payments on undergraduate federal student loans by simplifying and increasing the generosity of today’s income-based repayment program, and not require payments or accrual of interest on undergraduate federal loans for those making less than $25,000 a year. I will also create a new, simple loan forgiveness program that offers $10,000 of student debt relief for every year of national or community service for up to five years.

See what all the candidates are saying about education, housing and jobs here.

Should the U.S. government offer subsidies for renewable energy, such as wind energy or ethanol? Why or why not?

I will make significant investments in clean energy technology and ensure we are curbing carbon emissions. I will allocate tax credits and subsidies to help businesses upgrade equipment, invest in expanded or new factories, and deploy low-carbon technologies — making sure there is bottom-line win for jobs, workers, clean energy, and long-term community investment. In addition, I’ll invest $400 billion in clean energy research, innovation, and deployment — more than twice what America spent to put a man on the moon. As part of this effort, developing the next generation of biofuels will be a top priority.

See what all the candidates are saying about technology and alternative energy here.

Would you re-enter the 2015 nuclear deal with Iran? Why or why not?

The Iran Nuclear Deal was working — it blocked every one of Iran’s paths to nuclear weapons, as repeatedly verified by international inspectors — but Trump abandoned it, isolating the U.S. on the world stage, with no plan for anything better. Iran must never be allowed to develop a nuclear weapon; if Iran moves back into compliance with its nuclear obligations, I would re-enter the JCPOA as a starting point to work alongside our allies and other partners to extend the deal’s nuclear constraints. I would leverage renewed international consensus around America’s Iran policy — and a redoubled commitment to diplomacy — to push back against Tehran’s other malign behavior in the region.

See what the other candidates are saying about foreign policy here.

Read all of Biden's answers here.